The art of paraphrasing, sharing, using, and referring to a source without committing plagiarism, which is a serious violation, is complex and most important. Often students get into trouble not because they are dishonest but because they do not really know how to walk the walk. For Baha’i students, this is especially critical because, the issue of honesty and “being worthy of the trust of our neighbors”, according to Baha’i Teachings is a spiritual law and most central to building a unified and harmonious world with due respect to everyone’s reality which is their thought, according to Abdu’l-Baha who says: “Man’s Reality is his thought”
I have come to realize how my beloved students from the collective cultures of the world have such a hard time drawing the line between their own thoughts and views and those of others. They say, ideas belong to the universal thought pool and are like air, we breathe the air that others have breathed out and we all are inspired, affected, informed, and intuit by what floats in another mind. The universal mind belongs to all of us. They have a hard time drawing a line in the universal world of thoughts. The lines between what comes to their mind and what enters another are invisible.
Added to this struggle is the mindset of tribal identity. What belongs to me, also belongs to my family and friends. If we consider the who world as our friend, then what is the big deal?!! Aren’t we all one body with many cells?!! They cannot come to terms with and understand the concept of plagiarism. To many, the boundaries are outside the context of human relationships and familiar social norms of oneness. If we live together in one home, then we share the food in the ice box because we all agree that what goes in the icebox belongs to all!!
Well, in the market value concept of the world, ideas are commodities and they have a personal signature and monetary value for the individual or group who generates the thought. If another person wishes to acknowledge, repeat or share the thoughts and ideas that were inspired in the mind of another, they are required, by the social laws and norms of the majority to give credit to the one who was the first person who published that particular thought.
Many years ago a newly arrived foreign student called me for help in tears with the crisis of being expelled from her med school because sitting on an exam she let another student, who was her friend, copy her answer! She was shocked and distraught, did not know what to do, and could not understand the logic. We talked a bit to calm her down and for me to understand what really had happened. So I asked her if she really showed this other student her answer. She said, yes. I said, “do you mean you sit at an exam to show how much you know and yet you find it ok to share your answer with another student?” The answer she gave, really was an illuminating AHA for me as a cross-cultural therapist. She said; I only share my hand with my friends!! We talked about the norms and rules in the Western world where an individual bears the responsibility of what they learn, how they practice, how they perceive reality, how they feel in response to a situation, and what they hope and intend to do about it, and finally how they act. People individually are held responsible for their intentions and actions according to the law. That is how as a society we build trust and feel proud to “be worthy of the trust of our neighbor” as instructed by Baha’u’llah.
I have heard people in media using the teachings of the Baha’i Faith talking about the oneness of humanity, equality of women and men, independent investigation of truth, the harmony of science and religion, etc. without acknowledging the author, the date, and the place it was first written. This not only is dishonest but also deprives the public of learning about the vast ocean where these transforming ideas and Teachings have come from and the universal Force behind it and the global community associated with it.
As we know, many believers in the cause of Baha’u’llah have given their lives to speak out His Teachings. I remember many loving Muslim and Jewish friends who remain puzzled why Baha’is do not just say I am not a Baha’i when they get arrested and sentenced to death. They say what is wrong with a verbal denial knowing a Baha’i can go home and then do whatever they believe, living their lives and doing whatever they think is right?!!! The answer is the Baha’i Teachings and the science that supports them.
These divine qualities include; freedom, humanity, integrity, trustworthiness, and true happiness. In the meantime, I understand that majority of my students have a difficult time writing a paper with proper citations not because they argue with the rule but because they do not know how.
The above is one of the best instructional videos I have seen that explains the process very well.
Keyvan Geula is a licensed Marriage, Family, and Child Therapist; LMFT. She received her Master of Science in Marriage, family, and Child Therapy from the University of La Verne, in La Verne, California. She employs the latest research in behavioral sciences, neuroscience, and the Baha’i principle of the oneness of all humanity to serve the well-being of her clients.
She offers her services as a clinician, lecturer, trainer, and supervisor to a global set of clients in person and online. In her clinical work, she incorporates the wisdom of the Baha’i Writings, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy research, Mindfulness meditation, and consultation skills, as well as knowledge of the spiritual self.
She is an adjunct professor of Behavioral Sciences at Citrus Community College, faculty of continued education at Claremont Graduate University. She teaches psychology online to students at Baha’i Institute of Higher Education.
She is the Founder and Executive Director of Center for Global Integrated Education (CGIE), a non-profit Baha’i-inspired educational organization, which explores oneness of all humanity, and teaches the integrated mind-body-spirit approach in education.
She has served for two years as the producer and host of a two-hour weekly live radio show for the Persian community in Sothern, California focusing on the role of the psychology of spirituality in personal and social transformation, creativity, emotional and social intelligence, and a greater sense of harmony in a global society. She also has been the host and producer of TV series called Transforming Human Consciousness for eight years. She regularly writes and blogs on www.cgie.org/blog on topics related to integrated education, the oneness of humanity, the powers of the human spirit in the betterment of global society, elimination of all prejudice, equality of women and men, and education reform. Some of her shows are posted on her; Keyvan Geula YouTube Channel.
Mrs. Geula has served in several Baha’i institutions since her youth in Iran and USA.